The techniques used to create Zardozi are same across India like the original and ancient techniques.
There are main 4 basic techniques:
1. Designing is the initial stage the process of zardozi embroidery on a butter sheet whole design is drawn with a pencil and over the design, holes are made using a needle. In the Mughal period, designs were comprised of complex nature, floral and leaf motifs but in the modern days by contemporary method with influence with the traditional style patterns are more preferred such as geometric stylizations of similar motifs.
2. Tracing the design on to a fabric is done by placing the patterned butter paper on a flat table with the fabric underneath. Kerosene and color solution is mixed together and this solution is then dipped with a wad cloth, which are then rubbed over the tracing sheet. This allows the ink from the sheet and the design gets discovered over the fabric.
3. Wooden frame are then made using bamboo or wooden spars to stretch the design-imprinted fabric. The size of the frame is usually depended on the size of the fabric. It is then stretched out and tightly held to give the cloth a uniform tightness. The artisans then sit around this frame to start the embroidery work.
4. Embroidery is then done over the traced design on the fabric using a needle and thread. Over that it is then embroidered with stone beads using needle and thread. These beads are embroidered by passing the thread both above and below the fabric. It may take minimum of 3 days to 10days to complete a design depending on the intricacy of design and number of artisans working on a piece.
These embroidery works are then used to make the different products such as sling bag, handbag, men kurtha and many other different varieties of articles.