Tiruvannamalai is a place situated about 172 kilometers away from Chennai which is mostly surrounded by the hills and the reserve forest. It is said in these areas it is the Mudaliars or the Sengunthar Community has been in succession with the traditional handloom weaving. It is surrounded by mountains and hills with about 17 villages and mostly known for the bulk of India's silk apparel produced by the people of this town.
There is a saying that the first flag hoisted on the independence of India at the Red Fort is a silk flag woven at Arani.Arani is one of the towns of the Tiruvannamalai district, especially famous for its silk handloom woven sarees. The unique feature of the Arani sarees is that one side of the body of the saree will be in one colour and the other side in another colour with two ends of different colours with the pallus. They are individually handled by the designs that are punched on the cards and loaded on to the looms.
Sarees are generally the traditional wear worn across India in different styles depending on the region and occasion. Silk sarees or Pattu sarees are distinguished for their intricate work along with the Zari that is considered special. Each saree is varied with its pattern of designs and motifs. Both frame loom and pit loom are used to weave these silk sarees, throw shuttle (manually) is used for the production of these sarees.
These sarees are generally characterized by huge contrast borders that offer an ethnic look with the appealing color combination, made through the inclusion of floral motifs and geometric patterns. Traditional motifs found are peacock and parrot with colors in mustard, pink, red, green, blue and black.