Design Process for Creating a Story for Science:
Step 1: Selection of Topic
According to this framework, it is not possible to make a story for a single concept. The concepts to be taught need to be linked with each other in an evolutionary series. For this reason, the main topic to be selected in this framework is evolution of a domain, for example history of electricity, History of clothing etc. All subordinate concepts in history of a domain are joined in a series.
Step 2: Literature Search
Literature on history of a domain is searched. It can be either done through website or textbook available in a reputed library. For authentication of data, the history has to be cross check with multiple sources. If more sources are providing same narration of a discovery event, chances are the data is reliable. From the literature, names of main protagonists are to be extracted.
Step 3: Narrative Structure
Write down the contribution of each actor in the history of the domain. There will be many names present in the history of a domain. Documenting names of each is not important. Note the names of only those who have extended the field by presenting contradictory theory rather than affirming existing one. Most of the science involves in affirming existing theory or belief. But the protagonist who presents alternate explanation or theory to existing theory or belief, only their contribution is to be noted.
Mark those points as significant in development of a field.
Step 4: Building the Narrative
Fill up each event as described in the ENS with the data collected in step 2 and step 3. It is not necessary that all elements will be present in exactly the same sequence as described in ENS.
Write the contribution of each actor under the following headings:
Routine Activity, Observed Fact, Question, Reasoning, Answer, Experimentation, Theory.
Example from History of Electricity: The Story of a Voltaic Cell